Gum disease is a serious condition that damages the underlying structure of the teeth. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to tooth loss. This process can happen slowly or quickly, but will happen. But when it starts, periodontal gum disease therapy becomes a necessity.
What causes gum (periodontal) disease?
The mouth is full of bacteria. The bacteria, along with the body’s mucus, form a sticky biofilm on the surface of the teeth and gums. This biofilm is plaque. When you brush and floss your teeth, you remove a good deal of plaque. However, if you do not remove it all, it can eventually harden into tartar.
Tartar and plaque are the perfect breeding grounds for the bacteria. As the number of bacteria builds up, they start producing acid that starts to wear into the surface of the teeth. The acid also starts to wear against the gums. This causes inflammation and swelling in the gums. Eventually, they start to bleed. This is gingivitis.
If the gingivitis continues without treatment, it can lead to periodontitis. The gums start pulling away from the teeth and cause gaps around the base of the tooth. These gaps become breeding grounds for bacteria. The body’s immune system reacts to the infection, which causes the gums and the underlying bone to start breaking down. This can loosen the base of the teeth and require them to be removed.
How Can A Periodontist Help You With Periodontal Gum Disease Therapy?
If your dentist gives you a diagnosis of periodontal disease, you need to take steps to fix the problem. Gum disease therapy can help.
The first step is doing a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar. The removes part of the breeding ground for the bacteria. To get the plaque and tartar below the gumline, the dentist will debride and scale the surface of the teeth.
The patient needs to learn healthy oral hygiene habits. This includes brushing twice a day and flossing after every meal. These are habits that must be established to cure the disease and keep it away long term.
Once the initial cleaning and debriding are done, the doctor will re-evaluate the gums in 4 to 6 weeks. If the cleaning and debriding didn’t work, the next step is surgery. Periodontal surgery involves cleaning out the pockets and cleaning up any bone irregularities. The dentist then closes up the pockets with stitches.
If you need periodontal gum disease therapy, don’t hesitate to start it. Your health and your teeth depend on it.